In addition to the difficulties inherent in wicked problems, when applied to global climate change, 'super wicked problems' also have additional characteristics (Levin, Cashore, Auld & Bernstein, 2007)
- Time is running out.
- No central authority.
- Those seeking to solve the problem are also causing it.
- Policies discount the future irrationally.
- Levin, Kelly; Cashore, Benjamin; Bernstein, Steven; Auld, Graeme (23 May 2012). "Overcoming the tragedy of super wicked problems: constraining our future selves to ameliorate global climate change". Policy Sciences. 45 (2): 123–152. doi:10.1007/s11077-012-9151-0.